Parental kidnap is a severe form of parental alienation and the lifelong effects on the child can be devistating.
Works by Dorothy Huntington, Amy Baker and Ludwig Lowenstein all point
to the same negative outcomes of the children who experienced parental alienation.
These nagitive effects include many of the same experinced by children who have been sexually abused.
Lack of trust in themselves
Lack of trust of others
Difficulty falling in love
For more information on the abuses of parental abduction and parental alienation go to Prevent Parental Kidnap.